The land occupied by Canada was first inhabited for thousands of years by First Nations people. Beginning in the late 15th century, British and French expeditions explored and later settled on the Atlantic coast. In 1867 through Confederation, Canada was formed as a federal dominion of four provinces. It was not until the Canada Act in 1982 that all remaining dependence of Canada on the United Kingdom was ended.
Today the Country of Canada is made up of 10 provinces and 3 territories and is represented by two official languages, English and French. Heavily dependent upon immigration for growth, Canada is recognized as one of the world’s multicultural centres.
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